Often prostheses need to be installed with the loss of one or several teeth. A lot of reasons can lead to their loss. So, you can lose your teeth as a result of diseases (for example, complications of caries, periodontitis), taking narcotic substances (in particular, pervitin), injuries. Also, teeth may be absent due to malformations or the development of the jaw.
Dentures help restore speech, the process of chewing food, and prevent tooth displacement and loosening. Almost all modern prostheses are similar in appearance and properties to natural teeth. They are practical and convenient, and with proper care they are durable.
All prostheses are divided into two main groups:
non-removable - cannot be removed from the oral cavity after installation,
removable - designed for periodic extraction.
Fixation of removable dentures and their types
Today there is a huge selection of removable dentures. When choosing the most suitable type, the dentist takes into account the significance of damage to natural teeth. So, if they are completely absent, full dentures are used. Such systems look like plastic curved plates with artificial teeth attached to them. The plate covers the jaw of the patient, and when installed on the upper jaw - also the sky. The fixation of a removable prosthesis of the full type occurs by suction.
When there is a loss of several teeth, the use of partial dentures is indicated. Such products are made of plastic, with the exception of some details that allow them to be attached to natural teeth. Today, several types of partially removable systems have been created: lamellar, clasp, dentures ("Butterfly"), removable segments. Each of these species has its own characteristics. So, the clasp systems are fixed using clasps (“brackets”) or attachments (locks).
In addition, modern methods of fixation are also represented by special means, in particular fixing creams, adhesives, powders, strips.
Denture retaining agents
To quickly get used to removable dentures, you must be able to properly fix them. Depending on the type of product and the individual characteristics of the patient’s oral cavity, the doctor will give recommendations regarding optimal fixation methods in this case.
Modern special fixing means for removable systems make it much easier to get used to them and improve the quality of their wearing, make it possible to chew food and talk fully, and also protect the gums from damage.
Currently, there are several varieties of tools for fixing removable products. Among them are very popular creams. They are applied to the lower part of the prosthesis, and then tightly pressed to the jaw. Such creams usually provide reliable fixation of a removable product within 12-24 hours. Often, dentists are advised to use creams for patients who have excessive salivation.
Also, special fixing glue is often used. This tool provides a snug fit of the denture to the gum and the redistribution of the masticatory load.
Another popular fixative is powders, which are poured onto the prosthesis with a thin layer, after which it is placed in the oral cavity. Powders provide continuous fixation of the product. They are recommended by patients with scanty salivation.
In addition, there are special locking strips. They are indicated for patients with irregular jaw structure, as well as in the case of prolonged addiction to a removable denture. Strips provide reliable long-term fixation of the product, while protecting the gums from damage. Fixing strips are quite easy to use: before use, it is enough to lower them for a few seconds in warm water, and then attach to the prosthesis and install it in the oral cavity.
The service life of crowns, dental implants, dentures and other dental products depends on the proper care of them, as well as the quality of oral hygiene. If proper care and storage of prostheses is not provided, they will quickly lose their aesthetic appearance, and their owner may encounter many problems of the oral cavity, in particular, bad breath. How to protect yourself from such troubles? Let's find out how to clean removable dentures so that they last a long time, and their owner is not affected by the problem of the oral cavity.
How to care for removable dentures?
Unfortunately, wearing removable systems can adversely affect the hygiene of the oral cavity. Therefore, such products require careful and constant care: patients need to regularly clean their removable dentures from raid and leftover food.
There are several ways to clean dentures, among which the main ones are washing with water, treatment with disinfecting solutions, and cleaning with a special paste and brush. However, the effectiveness of caring for such products largely depends on the application of all these cleaning methods in combination.
It is the most affordable and easiest way to clean removable dentures. Rinsing with water is usually performed immediately after a meal and removes food debris. For this procedure, it is recommended to use boiled water. Nevertheless, it should be borne in mind that just washing the product with water is not enough for its high-quality cleaning.
This method involves immersing a removable prosthesis for a certain time in a disinfecting solution. Such a denture care product is commercially available ready-made. Special tablets are also currently being sold that need to be dissolved in water to produce an antiseptic solution. Processing the product with disinfecting liquids helps to clean it of bacteria, as well as, as a rule, of the remnants of fixing agents (cream, powder, etc.). It is worth remembering that after treatment with such solutions, before installing the prosthesis in the oral cavity, it must be thoroughly rinsed with water.
It is also important to clean with a brush and special paste for dentures. This procedure is necessary to more thoroughly remove plaque from the product.
All of these cleaning methods must be combined. In addition, professional dentistry should be professionally cleaned periodically in the dental clinic, which will remove solid deposits on it.
It should be remembered that proper care of a removable denture will help prevent the occurrence of problems in the oral cavity, will allow him to maintain an aesthetic appearance for a long time and ensure long-lasting service.
Why is dental care necessary?
Dentures for teeth are of several types, which, as a rule, differ in type, material, etc. The main thing is that any artificial products create conditions in the oral cavity for the development and reproduction of microorganisms. This is due to the fact that "pockets" are formed between an artificial tooth and a gum. Particles of food, dead epithelial cells, and products formed by the microbes themselves begin to accumulate in the formed space. If you do not clean the prosthesis in a timely manner, bad consequences arise:
- Halitosis (bad smell). It occurs due to the bacterial activity that toxins secrete.
- Gum area inflammation. Begins inflammation - gingivitis, which becomes periodontitis.
- The appearance of unwanted caries. Plaque forms and accumulates on the surface of the teeth, which leads to the formation of holes.
- The appearance of ulcers on the oral mucosa. This is due to the fact that in the mouth on the mucous membrane due to the wearing of the prosthesis, the mucosa experiences a load, "getting used to" the prosthesis takes about a month. If hygiene is not observed, the inflammatory process (stomatitis) will begin.
- The appearance of taste discomfort (due to receptor irritation tongue by bacteria).
- Dimming the color of the prosthesis. On microbial plaques, tobacco and food coloring accumulate. The prosthesis loses its color and luster, while it does not look aesthetically pleasing.
Based on the information listed above, it is important to know that even if only one or two teeth were replaced with a prosthesis, anyway dental care required. You can not be limited to just brushing your toothpaste and brush.
How to care for dentures?
Removable prostheses include acrylic (plastic) or nylon models, as well as clasp, plate and mediate designs that are used with removable or partially removable dentures.
Caring for removable dentures has features. The main rule when leaving is mechanical thorough cleaning. The easiest way is to rinse with boiled water after a meal. It is recommended to use water after boiling, as this action prevents the development and ingestion of harmful bacteria.
The convenience of removable dental designs is their ease in daily care. They are quite easily removed from the oral cavity, therefore, when conducting thorough cleaning don't cause problems. However, many patients mistakenly believe that "since the orthopedic design is an artificial tooth, then you can not strain with constant cleaning," but this is not at all the case, you need to take care.
There are many ways to clean the design of the removable type, while the effect of cleaning will directly depend on the application of all methods in the complex. Such as:
- Rinse with boiled water. The most widely available and very simple method to get rid of small food debris on a dental product. As described earlier, it is better to use water after pre-boiling. However, just rinsing is not enough to ensure the ideal cleanliness of the removable structure.
- Using special. solutions. The method involves washing an orthopedic product in an antiseptic liquid for a while. You can buy already prepared tablets that are dissolved in water, or a solution. One tablet comes in 0.5 cups of boiled water. In this solution, the prosthesis must be held for 15 minutes, then rinsed with plain, settled water. The procedure is necessary once a day daily. Dentists prefer this method, since the disinfectant liquid destroys the bacteria and also dissolves the remnants of the cream or glue if the patient uses them to fix the product in the oral cavity. The composition of these funds includes oxidizing agents that cause the formation of microbubbles, flavors, and colorants. It is interesting that the newly developed preparations of this type additionally contain a silicone polymer, which plays the role of an obstacle for microorganisms and bacteria. They are simply deprived of the opportunity to attach to the orthopedic structure. This effect is not washed off by saliva, but is very slowly erased by food over time.
- Brushing with toothpaste and brush. With the help of mechanical action, it is possible to clean up accumulated plaque, and special the paste will help protect the oral cavity from microorganisms (thanks to fluoride compounds). You need to buy a special brush, which has two types of bristles on the head. One part has a hard bristle for cleaning the outside of the product, in the form of a zigzag, and the second part has a soft bristle for cleaning the inside of the product and has a convex shape. It is necessary to apply paste to the structure and about 15 minutes in a circular motion of the brush to foam it, then intensively clean the prosthesis for a minute. Then rinse the structure and rinse the brush in water. This should be done at least twice a day, ideally - every time after a meal. Tip: clean the prosthesis by laying a terry towel under it so that it does not break in the event of a fall.
- Professional cleaning. No matter how thoroughly the patient cleans the orthopedic product, it is necessary to give the design to the dentist once every six months for professional cleaning. Cleaning will remove hard mineralized deposits that cannot be removed with a regular toothbrush. Dentist puts on specials. a brush is an abrasive paste, with the help of which the prosthesis is polished, which becomes like new.
How to store removable dentures?
It is very widely known that the prosthesis must be stored at night in a glass of water. This is because before the products were made of rubber, and it quickly dried out and at the same time cracked in the air. Such products really needed to be immersed in water during sleep. Now, with modern technologies, orthopedic prostheses are made of special plastics (acrylic, nylon). These materials do not crack and do not require dipping in water at night.
Another important procedure for product care is regular and thorough inspection. You need to inspect the prosthesis in the morning for scuffs, nicks, bends. The most minor damage will significantly complicate your life - this is swelling of the gums due to mucosal trauma, loose prosthesis due to poor fixation, and the accumulation of microorganisms at the site of damage.
Care for fixed prostheses
Fixed prosthetics include prostheses that cannot be removed independently and cannot be cleaned on their own.
Fixed orthopedic constructions include:
- Crowns, artificial dental implants,
- Adhesive bridge
- Bridge prostheses,
- Using paste and brush. Non-removable structures must be cleaned in the same way as regular teeth. Brush movements should have a sweeping appearance. The direction should be from the gum to the very edge of the tooth (on the contrary, it is categorically impossible, since microorganisms will be “driven” under the gum area). It is especially necessary to carefully clean the place where the prosthetic part is in contact with the gum, plaque accumulates in this place.
- Irrigation Irrigation. If there are veneers or crowns in the oral cavity, doctors recommend using an irrigator. This is an alternative to dental floss, which cannot be used with orthopedic constructions (due to the fact that dental floss can damage the prosthesis, and it is also impossible to remove deposits in the interdental spaces). A stream of water from the irrigator washes away the remnants of food and plaque from places where access to conventional means is difficult, and does not harm the prosthesis. He also has one positive property - it stimulates blood flow in the gums, and this is also an additional necessary prevention of periodontitis disease.
- Rinse with disinfectant antiseptics. Solutions containing antiseptics are very useful when rinsing patients who wear fixed prostheses in their mouths. Rinse special. solutions allows you to kill germs and disinfect the surface of the prostheses themselves.
- Professional cleaning. As with removable dentures, a patient with fixed orthopedic structures must have a professional cleaning once every six months.
Why dentures need care
Bacteria that liked to settle on live teeth do not disappear anywhere after these teeth were replaced with artificial ones. They still live in the oral cavity, settling on the gums and on the chewing structures.
Large accumulations of colonies of microorganisms form plaque. Typical locations:
- back surface of teeth
- interdental spaces
- gum tissue, which are adjacent to the elements of the prosthesis.
The prolonged existence of plaque leads to gum inflammation, as well as damage to the remaining teeth. Stomatitis, gingivitis, periodontitis - these are diseases that are typical for those who do not pay proper attention to prosthetic care.
Getting started cleaning
If you are going to clean the prosthesis, first pick the right toothbrush. Her bristles should be slightly stiffer than that of the brush with which we brush live teeth.
- Flush the prosthesis with running water.
- Brush it with a whitening paste or toothpowder (use of ordinary soap is possible).
- Place the structure in an airtight container filled with a disinfectant solution. Which solution to choose - tells the doctor who installed the prosthesis. Storage rules may vary depending on what material was used in the manufacture of artificial teeth, whether the jaw contains plastic or metal.
It is advisable to brush your teeth after each meal. There is no such opportunity? Rinse your mouth with clean water to wash leftovers and prevent plaque formation.
So should daily care. If there are features, the dentist will definitely tell about them.
How to store dentures
Many of us remember how grandmothers, laying down to sleep, removed prostheses and put them overnight in a glass of water. Why was this needed?
In the past, rubber was used in the manufacture of chewing structures. It should be kept in a humid environment, otherwise it would dry out and become covered with cracks. Today there is no need to arrange such a bath for prostheses. Moreover, if you clean metal-ceramic prostheses in a container with chlorinated water, they will darken.
Modern plastic prosthesis
In many cases, there is no need to remove it at night. On the contrary, dentists recommend wearing it constantly. If the doctor advises you to take a little rest at night, clean your teeth in a special container with disinfectant liquid.
- love strong tea and coffee,
- sometimes forget about careful leaving,
brown plaque may appear on the teeth, which I would like to get rid of. In addition, a dark coating appears on the structural elements over time, no matter how carefully you take care of it, because bacteria are constantly present in the mouth.
Therefore, it is necessary to periodically clean the dentures using special tools. A good option is to use pills. There are drugs from various manufacturers on sale.
We list the most popular:
- Corega tabs. Thanks to the silicone polymer included in the preparation, a protective film forms on the prosthesis. It allows you to save (or return) the white color to artificial teeth and will prevent the accumulation of bacteria.
- Dentipur includes compounds of chlorine, citric acid and sodium. Pills perfectly remove plaque.
- Dontodent Intensiv-Reiniger Tabs. When a tablet is dissolved in water, active oxygen is released. It relieves prostheses of microorganisms deposited on them, gives white color. In addition, the tool reports freshness to the breath, as it contains mint components.
- Rocs. The tablets are suitable for both plastic and ceramic-metal prostheses. They help to cope with stomatitis, often arising during the period of getting used to new teeth.
- MyoClean If you use this drug, plaque can be easily removed, and after it will not form for a long time. Tablets have a disinfecting effect.
A big plus of tablets - they allow not only to remove the already formed plaque, but also to prevent its appearance. If the crowns are partially made of metal, the use of effervescent tablets minimizes the risk of corrosion.
The tablets contain proteolytic enzymes that remove food debris and bacteria adhering to them.
This method involves the processing of ultrasonic waves. You need to purchase a device whose average cost is about 2 thousand rubles.
Ultrasonic Cleaner SD-3000
Principle of action: ultrasound is passed through the fluid into which the prostheses are placed. Bubbles form that penetrate deep into the pores of the teeth.
- eliminated plaque, including dark, obtained from the excessive use of tea and coffee,
- unpleasant odor disappears
- the surface of the structure remains intact.
Note: the bathtubs are quite suitable for cleaning baby bottles and jewelry made of gold and silver. So the purchase costs in any case will be justified.
To cope with the problem without investing significant funds, you can try to apply folk recipes at home. Experience shows that the methods described below are very effective.
- Take table vinegar, pour into a glass.
- Put dentures in a glass for 2 hours.
- My design.
The method is considered good, but it has a drawback: it negatively affects the strength of the product.
Therefore, we try to act a little differently.
- Fill the cup with a mixture of vinegar and pure water in equal proportions.
- We lower the prosthesis into the container.
- We are waiting for the night.
- In the morning, put a paste on the toothbrush and clean all the structural elements.
- We buy a lemon.
- Squeeze the juice out of it into half a teaspoon of toothpaste.
- Apply the mixture to the teeth.
- Leave for 20 minutes.
- Rinse the prosthesis with clean water.
- In addition, we process the prosthesis with a brush without paste to remove all residual lemon juice.
The method is allowed to be used once a month. More often than not, after all, lemon juice is a rather aggressive environment, and not only for bacteria.
If your prosthesis does not have metal parts, use the “Microwave” technique.
- Put your teeth in a cleaning solution.
- Put the container in the microwave and turn it on for a minute.
- Turn off the device, remove the prosthesis.
After washing the product with water, put it on.
Rules for the care of fixed prostheses
The doctor has set you up a design that does not need to be removed and can be worn constantly? Or do you have your own teeth, and false, and bridges? Then the methods of care described above will not suit you.
The presence of fixed prostheses does not exclude the need for careful care of them and the oral cavity as a whole.
General rule: as if it were all your own teeth, brush your dentures twice a day. In addition, take such measures:
- rinse your mouth after eating,
- use an irrigator
- clean interdental spaces and inaccessible areas with floss.
It is useful to brew anti-inflammatory herbs a couple of times a week: sage, chamomile and rinse your mouth with such compounds. You can purchase a special rinse, which flushes microorganisms and freshens the breath.
The toothpaste that you pick up should be curative. You can brush your teeth and dentures with whitening pastes from time to time, but do not get carried away: it can thin the crowns of the remaining living teeth and make them sensitive.
But pastes with an anti-inflammatory effect, eliminating the symptoms of periodontal disease and gingivitis, are well suited. When wearing prostheses, especially at first, while getting used to it, inflammation, irritation of the gums and mucous membranes are not ruled out. Pasta will help to cope with this.
Implants - almost native teeth
Dental floss is necessary, since the space between the gum and the prosthesis, no matter how small, becomes the ideal environment for microbes to live. Start by using waxed floss to make the procedure easier. When you acquire some skills, you can brush your teeth with a non-waxed thread: it works more efficiently.
When is the time for the dentist
Even if you follow all the rules for prosthetic care, you don’t see any external changes, you should still see your doctor at least once a year. He will evaluate the condition of the oral cavity, examine the dentures for the presence or absence of damage.
If the structural elements have darkened, and home remedies have no effect, consult your dentist before the expiration of this period.
The doctor will perform a tooth brushing with ultrasound. This method allows you to quickly get rid of stains and discoloration of prostheses. Ultrasound removes soft and hard deposits, disinfects.
One brushing will cost 2–2.5 thousand rubles. This is much cheaper and faster than replacing dentures that have not undergone such a procedure for a long time and have acquired a persistent brown tint!
Dr. Zubastik's Tips
Modern prostheses are high-quality products, most often made of acrylic and nylon, sometimes with the addition of metal elements. Caring for them is simple, does not take time. The main thing here is regularity. If you clean dentures according to the doctor’s recommendations, they will last 5–10 years until the planned replacement, and the smile will be perfect all this time.
Couldn't save your teeth? Do not despair: today, dentistry offers designs that are almost as good as real teeth. But take care of them carefully: they require care just like living teeth. All dentists will agree with me on this.
For a snack - a short video that will help you quickly learn the rules for caring for prostheses.
Typically, toothache begins to subside already on the way to the clinic and finally passes after 10 minutes of sitting in line for a appointment with the dentist.