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What is reproductive health? Factors affecting human reproductive health

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Photo gallery: Recommendations for maintaining a woman's reproductive health

Responsible attitude to sex life, lifestyle - all this largely determines what condition your reproductive system will be in. And as a result, it affects the quality and stability of relationships in your family and overall well-being.

Even in childhood and adolescence, the foundation of our reproductive health is created, therefore it is very important to monitor the state of our body, and if necessary, without hesitation, contact specialists for help. First, this function lies with the parents, and then we ourselves take the baton to care for our body. It is widely believed that only a healthy woman can give birth to a healthy baby. But there is evidence that out of 100 couples who cannot have children, in 40-60% of cases, this situation is precisely due to male infertility, which can be caused by sexually transmitted infections, the influence of adverse environmental conditions on men's health, bad habits and working conditions. Therefore, in family planning, maintaining the reproductive health of men also plays a large role.

Specialists of special medical centers or family planning centers conduct a full examination of both men and women, and in case of detection of health problems, treatment is prescribed. In such centers, the most attention is paid to the preventive means of abortion and unwanted pregnancy, as well as psychological counseling for women so that they do not make hasty decisions about abortion due to the influence of life failures and strong temporary emotional outbursts. Keep in mind that reproductive health is influenced by everything in your life: stress, age-related changes, poor nutrition, sexuality, and how you protect yourself, even though you feel good and you don’t have a tangible occasions for contacting a specialist. And in the event that there are any questions regarding your health, it is better to contact professionals, rather than trust the reasoning of friends or girlfriends.

Recommendations of specialists in preserving the reproductive health of women:

  1. Keep in mind that the optimal age for giving birth to a child or several is 20-35 years. Experts have evidence that when a woman becomes pregnant sooner or later, the process itself can cause more complications, which affects the health of mother and baby. Do not rush too much with the birth of a child, but do not tighten too much.
  2. The recommended intervals between births should be at least 2-2.5 years, as this gives the woman the opportunity to restore strength, maintain her and future children’s health.
  3. Experts say that abortion is the most dangerous method of terminating an unwanted pregnancy, so it makes sense to avoid it using modern methods of contraception.
  4. If pregnancy nevertheless has occurred and a decision has been made to have an abortion, then the woman should consult a doctor as soon as possible, because this reduces the risk of complications after and during the abortion.
  5. There is a chance of becoming pregnant after childbirth or abortion before the first menstruation comes. Before resuming sexual activity, it is worth choosing a method of contraception that will suit you and be reliable.
  6. Common causes of infertility in men and women can be sexually transmitted infections. If these are identified, they should be treated as early as possible, do not drag out time and do not be shy about your illness.
  7. If you do not plan to have a baby in the near future, then consider such an important point as contraception. It eliminates unnecessary worries and anxieties, promotes a more harmonious intimate life, and helps to avoid unwanted problems.

Reproduction

So, again, reproductive health is a very important component of human overall health. In translation, the word "reproduction" means "reproduction." Reproductive health means well-being in terms of reproduction of offspring and the continuation of the human race. It directly affects the harmony of family relationships.

It is also important to mention that the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation introduced certain standards to reduce the number of abortions and the risk of unwanted pregnancy. These standards have been in force for several decades. To preserve reproductive health, every person from childhood must be taught the rules that relate to contraception, a responsible approach to family planning and procreation.

Human reproductive health

What is the worst diagnosis for people planning a family replenishment? Of course, this is infertility. It is very important to know that the disease can develop in both the female and male half of the population. For people who want to become parents, infertility is a real sentence, since this diagnosis prevents the continuation of the genus.

This disease is often acquired. The reasons for its development in women can serve:

  • a large amount of prolactin secretion,
  • menstrual irregularities (this can include amenorrhea, oligomenorrhea, and so on),
  • genital defects
  • pipe obstruction,
  • endometriosis
  • adhesion formation in the pelvis,
  • autoimmune diseases
  • psychological disorders associated with sexual life, and so on.

Very often, the reason lies in previous abortions and promiscuous sex life. Reproductive health is, according to WHO standards, every person’s mental, physiological and social readiness for procreation. Although everyone perceives and interprets this phrase in their own way. It is very important to prepare the child for adulthood from an early age, timely conversations will help to avoid a lot of problems in the future.

The concept of reproductive health of a woman needs to be explained to the girl’s parents in elementary school. Bringing up little princesses is a very hard job, because you just need to explain the mass of everything that a girl will have to face in the future.

The correct upbringing of the girl directly affects her worldview in the future. Even from school, it is necessary to instill several mandatory character traits:

  • modesty,
  • decency,
  • selectivity relative to the opposite sex.

If you explained everything to your child on time and instilled in him the very necessary rules, then you should not be afraid of reproductive health. Otherwise, an already adult girl may face many problems: unplanned pregnancy, abortion, sexually transmitted diseases, which are often diagnosed in adolescents. According to statistical studies, it becomes clear that all this leads to terrible and tragic consequences for women.

It is very important to know that very often infertility is diagnosed in men. The male factor is very common in medicine. When is it worth the alarm? If you cannot conceive a baby within a year, although you have completely abandoned all contraceptives, then there is a health problem.

What causes reproductive health in men? Only two factors have a place:

Causes of reproductive health problems may include:

  • stress,
  • very tired
  • lack of vitamins
  • wrong lifestyle
  • the presence of bad habits (drugs, alcohol, tobacco),
  • diseases.

If you can’t have a baby for a long time, you can contact the reproductive health center, which can be found in absolutely any city. These medical facilities specialize in restoring or maintaining reproductive health.

Now we will talk a little about the reproductive health of adolescents. Adolescence is a very important period. At the time of transitional age, parents should provide their child with reproductive health care as much as possible. This will help to avoid some actions in their future. When does the transition period begin? In girls, it begins with the onset of menstruation, in boys, with a pollution. It is very important to explain to the child that these are not the only changes that will occur with their body.

According to statistics, adolescents often choose the wrong path in life, namely:

  • do not follow personal hygiene rules,
  • enter into early and rash marriages,
  • give in to temptation and try drugs
  • often drink alcohol
  • many smoke.

This all significantly reduces reproductive abilities in both boys and girls. It is very important to know that this problem has become global.

Reproductive Health

Human reproductive health is noticeably affected. This is due to a number of factors, which we will talk about a little later. Now we will touch upon the problem of ecology, which has a strong negative effect on the health of the population at the reproductive level. No matter how sad it may sound, the environmental problem is global and is being addressed at the state level. The state is doing its best to protect the young population from the harmful effects of a spoiled ecological environment.

In addition, special social programs were developed for young people aimed at explaining the concept of reproductive health to the population. In addition, lectures on the prevention of sexual diseases and the use of contraception are actively practiced in schools.

Reproductive health factors

A woman needs to think about this concept during pregnancy. After all, even when carrying a baby, she is obliged to provide him with reproductive health.

In this regard, gynecologists recommend a responsible approach to replenishment of the family and get acquainted with the concept of "pregnancy planning." It implies a full examination of future parents, which allows you to exclude genetic pathologies or congenital diseases in the child. If any diseases are identified, they urgently need to be eliminated, because they can lead to complications in the future baby. Factors that affect the health of the level of reproduction are carefully studied by our modern medicine.

Destructive factors

Reproductive health is affected by many factors. We offer a little more familiarity with them. First, attention should be paid to women's health, if there are any irregularities in the menstrual cycle, then this indicates a reproductive health problem. Family planning involves an accurate calculation of the time when it is likely to conceive a baby. Disruptions in the menstrual cycle do not allow ovulation to be monitored in the usual way, which interferes with pregnancy planning. This problem must be solved at the gynecological level.

We also note that there are a number of other factors that can be divided into two large groups. You can learn more about them by examining the table in this section.

  • stress,
  • fatigue,
  • bad habits,
  • harmful production
  • malnutrition
  • sedentary lifestyle,
  • taking certain medications
  • disorders at the psychological level.
  • the presence of infections
  • lack of iodine
  • endocrine dysfunction,
  • hormonal disruptions
  • androgen deficiency,
  • immune imbalance
  • exhaustion
  • lack of testosterone
  • folic acid deficiency.

Prevention

Reproductive health is an integral part of human health. It is of great importance, because due to the health of the reproductive level, the reproduction is possible. In order to avoid the mass of problems that are associated with the deterioration of sexual function, you need to know about the available preventive measures. These include: measures that were developed to treat diseases of the reproductive system, getting rid of the psychological barrier, planning pregnancy, preventing sexually transmitted diseases, measures aimed at eliminating maternal and infant deaths, examining and treating hormonal malfunctions, lectures on the onset of sexual activity, lectures on the rights of a young family; lectures on early pregnancy and diseases of the reproductive system.

Reproductive health protection refers to a whole range of measures that help restore and preserve the function of reproducing healthy offspring. Such measures include: avoiding a large number of sexual partners, unprotected sexual intercourse, timely treatment of diseases of the reproductive system, eliminating an unplanned pregnancy, conducting vitamin therapy courses, taking folic acid during pregnancy, preventing abortion, family planning, and so on.

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