Health Information

Why are printed books better than electronic?


Replace the electronics on the sheets, and you will not regret it.

Text: Asya Zhdanova · October 9, 2018

People are divided into two types: those who love only printed books and those who are not against electronic. According to scientists, the first option is much more beneficial for your brain and health. Here are just a few reasons why.

You get more information

According to a study that was presented in Italy in 2014, readers of the printed version “absorb” and remember more information than supporters of electronic devices. It was previously indicated that feelings such as empathy and immersion in the story are associated with a tactile sensation, and it appears only while holding the book in hands.

In addition, with a printed book, it is easier to return to the right place and confirm information in which you may be unsure.

And do not spin endlessly trying to find the right lines on your phone or tablet.

Sight does not deteriorate

There are many places where you have to look at a computer screen all day - it’s wise to give your eyes a break when possible. A survey of 429 university students showed that almost half complained of eye strain after reading digitally.

E-books can cause fatigue, and subsequently blurred vision, redness, dryness and irritation in the eyes. With printed books, this happens very rarely.

You are less likely to get distracted

One of the tests on students showed that those who read the short story in electronic format were less involved and more difficult to remember the exact order of events. It is not surprising that readers of this format are usually more distracted. And this is not only because they have the Internet at hand. Such people spend more time scanning key points than processing what they read.

If your goal is to fully understand the text that is in front of you, then the electronic version is not the best choice.

When you are going to sleep, reading from the screen is a bad idea.

Research has shown that the blue light from your phone or tablet can disrupt the production of melatonin, which is very important to us. This can cause insomnia.

Yes, the involvement and activity of the brain while reading can sometimes help to fall asleep. But if you really hope to have a good night's rest, then read it from paper.

The presence of a library home is linked to academic achievement

According to a study by readers from 42 countries, students who have books at home are more likely to get good test scores. It doesn't matter how much you have. Everyone can help you with your studies. Scientists believe that having books at home encourages children to read for fun and talk to their parents about what they learned.

Enhancing joy in reading

One experiment among college students in the USA, Slovakia, Japan, and Germany showed that 92% of participants preferred books that they can hold, touch, and flip through whenever they want. Young people also noticed that with paper they have fewer distractions and health problems.

Slovak students said they enjoy the smell of books.

Indeed, when scientists analyzed the chemical composition of old books, they found that the pages contained hints of vanilla odors, as well as grassy notes. A person experiences the same pleasure as the aroma of perfume or flowers.

Studies have also shown that books can make us happier, inspire travel, or encourage life-changing decisions.

Therefore, do not feel guilty next time when you spend a lot of time in a bookstore. Science says it's good.

Keeping up with scientific progress

This article is not intended to prove the uselessness of digital reading devices. On the contrary, one cannot belittle their merits, such devices have a lot of advantages, comparable to printed products.

First, the same e-books are more profitable. Their cost is commensurate with several dozens of ordinary books, while you can download an infinite number of publications in them (read - do not re-read). Programs on the tablet and phone can be found at all for free.

Secondly, these devices are more convenient. It is easy to take an electronic book with you, with its help you can even read several books in parallel, without dragging them with you. And at home you don’t have to equip a library for all your favorite publications. By the way, the first released electronic “readers” were nicknamed “the library in your pocket”.

The need to spend time searching for the right book in libraries and bookstores also disappears, the Internet will provide any (almost) on demand. Another big plus electronic version of the book - the ability to individually adjust the font size and turn on the backlight to read at a later time of the day. Photo:

Tribute to tradition and reward to authors

How can printed books resist the onslaught of the many benefits of IT analogues and not lose ground? What advantages can they attract the attention of sophisticated digital entertainment readers?

First of all, the book was and remains a work of art. A computer file (even with vivid illustrations) cannot be replaced by an exclusive, artistically designed print publication. Or, having seen the species, but gently kept from childhood, a volume of favorite fairy tales. There are books worth tens of millions of dollars. Yes and better universal giftthan a book, it's hard to come up with (albeit corny, but it's a win-win classic). Photo: Depositphotos

By the way, about exclusivity: not all books can be so easily "fished out of the World Wide Web." Any specific, narrowly focused publications (most often professional and dedicated to a specific hobby) may simply be not digitized. Or “fresh”, recently published books are not at all profitable to “upload” to the Internet. Why do publishers pay authors of works of circulation, a fee if they do not buy books?

The use of the "printed word"

A significant advantage of printed books is that they are much better than digital competitors. motivate the reader to read. This is not an unfounded statement: many scientific studies confirm the theory of a better perception by the brain of reading paper books than digital ones. For example, the doctor of mathematical sciences from Harvard Jordan Ellenberg in his studies showed that a person is much deepens less in reading electronic books.

The very nature of the effects of the paper book and electronic media has been little studied, but there is undoubtedly a difference in them. Maybe myself page turning process It accentuates the reader’s attention and makes you keep in memory the last words of the previous page. Or maybe the print format is simply more familiar to our brain, since it was perceived in this form from childhood. Photo: Depositphotos

The joy of acquiring a new book

And of course, the faceless, unemotional downloading of the next file with a book is incomparable with the joy of acquiring a new, much-desired hard copy. Another unique smell of pages and awareness of the value of the printed book - all this confirms as well as possible advantage of the "printed word" in front of a digital counterpart.

Why reading is useful for a person

If we consider the properties of reading, then, of course, not harm comes to the fore, but beneficial effects. Reading books contributes to the mental development of children and adults, improves imagination, makes a person more educated. And sometimes through books you can even get a useful life experience that is almost no different from the real one, although in practice similar situations with a person may not happen.

To evaluate the useful properties of reading, it is worth analyzing them in more detail.

Thinking development

In the process of reading a good book, you inevitably have to think a lot about the plot and actions of the characters. Over time, the brain learns to find non-standard answers to emerging questions. The reader begins to predict plot twists in the book. And even if this does not happen, the author’s explanations still provide good food for the brain - this is the use of reading for self-development.

Stress management

A very valuable property of books is that they perfectly help to temporarily distract from pressing problems. Plunging into the invented world, people forget about their own business and personal turmoil. This allows you not to focus on your experiences, but to take time to think about what is happening in a completely different world - often more beautiful and happy.

Inspired by a useful book, after reading a person feels calmer and more energetic and can return to solving his problems. Reading reduces harm from stress, especially constant and intense.

Vocabulary increase

A particular benefit of classical literature, as well as good modern books, is that a person learns many new words and concepts. Sometimes their meaning is felt intuitively, sometimes the meaning of words has to be clarified in dictionaries and reference books. But with regular reading, speech in any case quickly becomes richer, a person begins to express his thoughts figuratively and competently.

This is the special benefit of reading for children - the more often the baby holds a useful book in his hands, the more beautiful his speech will be.

Disease prevention

Surprisingly, reading good literature can protect even from the development of dangerous diseases. In particular, reading more often is useful for the prevention of dementia, brain aging, Alzheimer's disease. Books train the brain, make it constantly process new information, so a person keeps clarity of mind and sobriety of thinking much longer.

If you take a closer look around you will be able to see that it is precisely those people who are used to reading a lot who retain the greatest vigor in old age. The reason is constant exercises for the mind, and also because reading as a whole disciplines a person and puts him in order to adhere to a healthy lifestyle.

Gives self confidence

Erudition and wide knowledge in various fields help to easily start a conversation and easily make new friends. Finding himself in an unfamiliar company, a person does not feel the desire to sit in the far corner all evening, afraid to enter into a conversation.

On the contrary, someone who is used to reading a lot always remains in the spotlight - he becomes an excellent storyteller, sets the topics for conversation himself, is not afraid to be in the spotlight. One of the good things about reading is that books help you make new friends, which never hurts.

Develops imagination

Reading a useful book is almost the same as watching a fascinating movie. Colorful pictures of the places described by the author are created in the reader’s head, amazing events unfold, interesting characters conduct dialogs.

Many readers, turning the last page of a book, like to think about its plot for some time. One can imagine how the events of the invented world would develop further, and if one wishes and the availability of time, even set out his own version on paper.

Improves sleep

Reading a useful book helps to relax and has a very beneficial effect on the nervous system. Therefore, many people like to devote time to reading before going to bed - first the brain actively processes the incoming information, and then irresistible drowsiness rolls over the person.

If you make it a rule to constantly read in the evenings, then there will be no harm from this, but very soon you will be able to forget about insomnia. In addition, reading books guarantees vivid and fascinating dreams, sometimes during a night's rest you can “see” even the further development of the plot in an unread chapter.

Boosts brain activity and develops intelligence

It is confirmed by the facts that the benefit of reading books is a beneficial effect on intellectual abilities. A person who often reads books more easily perceives new information, without problems expanding his own horizons of thinking.

In the process of reading, the brain activates. This is a very useful property, because the brain begins to perceive any information faster, regardless of its type. For example, the frequent reading of classical literature at the same time contributes to the fact that the reader is easier to learn educational materials and technical articles.

Improves concentration

In order not to miss important plot twists and understand everything that the author wanted to convey, you have to concentrate on reading carefully. Reading useful literature is literally "addictive" into itself, and time flies by - completely concentrating on the plot, a person may find that several hours have passed. Books teach you to notice minor details and put them into a single chain of events.

All of these properties are very useful in everyday modern life. Good concentration is an undeniable bonus for working in any field, because business tasks with the ability to concentrate are also solved faster.

Teaches to understand and feel people.

Almost any book, one way or another, tells about the emotions and feelings of the characters. The benefit is that the reader learns about new experiences and human reactions, learns to evaluate the actions and words of people not only from their own experience, but also from situations encountered in books.

Communicating with people with frequent reading becomes easier - many of their actions, motivations and movements become completely obvious. The reading person has a soulful tact and well-developed empathy.

Improves mood

The properties of a useful book perfectly save you from depression, anxiety, resentment and anger. Talented authors masterfully manage the emotions of their readers - if you pick up a friendly and smart book in a bad mood, then after a couple of hours there will be no trace of irritation.

Helps solve problems

Fictional universes in books are often very closely intertwined with the real world. Therefore, in them you can find unexpected answers to your own questions, for example, read about how the characters successfully cope with a situation that excites the reader himself.

Not always tips from books are well suited for use in real life. But reading has a good property - it at least helps to see new solutions to the problem and provides food for thought. It is likely that in the near future the brain will be able to find some other ways to eliminate real problems.

The benefits of reading classical literature

For many people, Russian and foreign classics are not particularly enthusiastic - books seem boring, too divorced from reality, difficult to perceive. But those people who are not accustomed to read a lot or get mostly acquainted with entertaining literature experience such sensations.

For true fans of reading the classic takes very high steps. Classical works deal with complex philosophical and psychological problems. And even if the plot, at first glance, does not move anywhere, active work takes place in the souls of the characters. Reading the classics is very useful for a better understanding of people and the processes taking place around, but, of course, it is not recommended to start it without “training”. If reading has not yet become a habit, it is better to start with easier to read books.

Even in-depth study of the Russian language by foreigners involves reading classical literature - this is the only way to truly “feel” the language, to feel its shades and nuances.

Why is it useful to read aloud

For the first time, children learn to read aloud. But most adults read silently, in other words, to themselves. However, studies confirm that reading aloud is actually useful for adults - it is recommended that you take some time for it regularly.

If silent reading develops intelligence and imagination, then the valuable property of reading aloud is that diction and oratory are improved in the process. And this does no harm to anyone, and will be especially useful for those whose work is directly related to performances in front of the public. The benefit of reading books out loud is that it helps to memorize the correct arrangement of stresses, pause at the place of punctuation marks, and gives expressiveness and artistry to speech.

Parents can read both to the child and to each other, and for people living alone, it will be useful to use a voice recorder to assess the quality of their reading.

Is it useful to read to yourself

Silent reading to oneself does not help develop diction, but its usefulness lies elsewhere. First of all, silent reading is good for the brain, as it develops visual memory and expands the associative range. Consciousness does not have to be distracted by the pronunciation of sounds, so it can completely focus on the imagination.

With frequent reading, the skills of the so-called “intuitive literacy” develop to oneself. Человек запоминает верную орфографию и пунктуацию и впоследствии без труда воспроизводит то, что видел, хотя при этом может почти не знать правил русского языка.And, of course, books with silent reading are acquired faster - reading stories and stories takes less time.

Meanwhile, reading to oneself brings certain harm mainly to children. If the child moves too quickly to silent reading and stops pronouncing what is written out loud, he may have problems with pronunciation and accentuation.

What is better to read

What useful books to choose for reading is a question, the answer to which each person determines independently. But first of all, it is recommended to determine exactly what the goal is.

  1. If a book is needed for general development, it is worth choosing classic literature. Its main property is that the classics develop a sense of beauty, stimulate thinking and imagination, and broaden their horizons.
  2. The scientific literature will be of interest to those who are passionate about the specific problems of the exact or natural sciences, astronomy, physics, biology or medicine.
  3. Poetry is recommended even for those who are not a fan of versification. Good poetry develops imaginative thinking, teaches us to understand an unusual associative series.
  4. Philosophical literature. Without preparation, such books can easily be confused, so it’s better to start with collections of parables adapted for the average reader, and then move on to the works of famous authors.

Sometimes short popularity is gained by works of dubious artistic value.

Why can not be read in transport

It seems to many that reading in transport is an ideal way to pass the time on the road for a pleasant and useful activity. However, in fact, the properties of such reading can cause significant harm to health.

  1. Lighting in transport is unstable, even if it is bright enough, shadows from objects flickering outside the window, and from the silhouettes of people passing by, constantly fall on the pages of the book. Eyes have to constantly adapt again to changing light, which creates an extra load on the organs of vision.
  2. In moving vehicles, the text in front of the eyes constantly trembles due to continuous vibration. This also strains the eyes - they get tired faster and begin to hurt.

If you read in transport too often, the harm will be in the fact that vision will gradually fall.

Is it harmful to read while lying

At first glance, it seems that getting into a bed with an interesting book is very pleasant and convenient. However, doctors do not recommend reading while lying down - this is harmful to health, moreover, reading efficiency is reduced.

  1. In the supine position while reading, the chest is slightly compressed, which is why the rhythm of breathing is lost. The brain receives less oxygen, due to the unusual position of the body it is difficult to concentrate on the book - all the time I want to get even more comfortable. When reading while lying down, a person begins to quickly fall asleep, if you continue to read, overcoming drowsiness, there will still be no benefit from this.
  2. Reading lying on its side is harmful because the page of the book is at a different distance from both eyes. The load on the organs of vision is uneven, and in the future this can lead to decreased vision.

Can I read in the dark

The benefits and harms of reading books depend on the level of coverage. In the dark, the book has to be brought too close to the eyes, from this the development of myopia can begin.

In addition, studies confirm that in the darkness, a person is much less likely to need blinking. The harmful property of reading in the dark is that constantly open eyes dry quickly. There is irritation of the mucous membranes, the eyes become inflamed and sore.

With insufficient lighting, the quality of reading suffers, instead of focusing on the plot, a person thinks only about how uncomfortable he is. Therefore, it is better to devote time to books in a comfortable environment, in moderately bright light.

How to read to the child

Acquaintance of a child with good literature is an important stage in the educational process. In the leisure of the baby, there must always be a little time for reading. It is advisable that by the time he enters school, the child already knows how to read more or less confidently - there will be no harm from this anyway.

  1. Since learning always starts with parents reading the books aloud, adults need to focus on choosing good literature. Not only fairy tales, but also short stories of classics, fables and epics, myths and poetic works are perfect for a child.
  2. Reading time needs to be found daily. And this should not be a boring mandatory procedure, but a kind of game. Both the child and parents should be in a good mood.
  3. When reading aloud for a child, it is very important for adults to respect expressiveness. It is necessary that the baby could figuratively imagine the events taking place in the book, only then he will be able to become interested in them.

After reading, it is very useful to discuss with the baby what he has just learned from the book - this will help to consolidate information and increase interest.

The love of reading can only be instilled if the child is really interested in such an activity.

Statements about the benefits of books and reading

The classics of world literature, famous philosophers and poets, politicians and thinkers have repeatedly mentioned the properties of reading and their usefulness.

So, the European philosopher and public figure Voltaire noted that reading a new book is like meeting a new friend, while reading a familiar story resembles a meeting with an old friend.

The famous poet Petrarch said that books become real friends for a person, they allow you to experience the same pleasure as from communication, give good advice.

Leo Tolstoy spoke out that with the help of books you can daily communicate with the wisest people in the world, that is, recognize the thoughts of contemporaries and philosophers who lived many centuries ago.